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3 edition of Some aspects of the seasonal features of the southern hemisphere subtropical jet stream found in the catalog.

Some aspects of the seasonal features of the southern hemisphere subtropical jet stream

J. K. Patnaik

Some aspects of the seasonal features of the southern hemisphere subtropical jet stream

by J. K. Patnaik

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Published in [Nairobi] : East African Institute for Meteriological Training and Research, 1979 .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementby J.K. Patnaik, P.M.R. Kiangi and J.K. Ngʼangʼa.
SeriesResearch report - East African Institute for Meteriological Training and Research ; no. 1/79
Classifications
LC ClassificationsMLCM 83/6336 (Q)
The Physical Object
Paginationv, 11 p. : graphs ; 30 cm.
Number of Pages30
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4091297M
LC Control Number79980475

That outflow often enters the subtropical jet stream, which is part of the average Hadley Cell circulation. There is frequently cross-equatorial flow at jet stream altitudes, and that flow can connect up with a subtropical jet stream. But it has always happened, and always will happen, with or without the help of humans. Anthropogenic effects on the subtropical jet in the Southern Hemisphere: Aerosols versus long-lived greenhouse gases Article (PDF Available) in Environmental Research Letters 8(1) .

It is at this height that we find the strongest zonal winds (blowing from west to east) in the summer hemisphere (coincident with the jet stream) around 45° latitude. This is the location of the subtropical jet stream. In the winter hemisphere, the zonal wind field at mb is stronger than in the summer hemisphere. In the mid-latitudes, circumglobal Rossby waves are associated with a strongly meandering jet stream and might cause simultaneous heatwaves and .

Revisiting the "Alternative Jet Stream Theory" inquiry above. Starting with the "Alternative Jet Stream Theory" heading above, and several other comments since then, I would like to add my concern about the stated origins or causes of the 4 main upper air Jet Streams (two in the northern hemisphere and two in the south).   Jet stream is an important component of this flow. These jet streams are called subtropical westerly jet streams because they are located approximately over 27°° north latitude. The westerly jet streams are responsible for western cyclonic disturbances in the north and north-western parts of India.


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Some aspects of the seasonal features of the southern hemisphere subtropical jet stream by J. K. Patnaik Download PDF EPUB FB2

Jet streams are fast flowing, narrow, meandering air currents in the atmospheres of some planets, including Earth. On Earth, the main jet streams are located near the altitude of the tropopause and are westerly winds (flowing west to east).

Their paths typically have a meandering shape. Jet streams may start, stop, split into two or more parts, combine into one stream. During the Northern Hemisphere cold season the subtropical jet has a frequency maximum in the western Pacific over Japan that extends westward to southern China and eastward to the date line.

This local maximum is embedded within an axis of maximum frequency that stretches across the entire Eastern Hemisphere at approximately 30° by: 8.

While jet streams do exist in the southern hemisphere, they are strongest between latitudes of 30°N and 60°N. The weaker subtropical jet stream is located closer to 30°N.

The location of these jet streams shift throughout the year however and they are said to "follow the sun" since they move north with warm weather and south with cold weather.

Some aspects of the seasonal precipitation over eastern Patagonia, the southernmost area of South America east of the Andes Cordillera, are examined in this paper.

Results indicate that the central-north areas, the southern continental region, and the southernmost islands are three independent regions of seasonal precipitation, and that each of Cited by:   Some polar-front jet streaks are observed to translate continuously along the jet stream, whereas others travel discretely and appear to jump between the north-westerly and south-westerly flow inflections of the wave pattern in the stream.

In the case of the subtropical jet stream, jet streaks possess along-jet length scales of – km. Jet streams are high speed currents of air in the upper troposphere; in each hemisphere one jet stream is generally located just poleward of the subtropical highs, and. In the northern Hemisphere cold air outbrakes in the winter are commonly related to the movement of the A)ITCZ subtropical jet stream D)pacific high.

westerly winds in the upper atmosphere at mid-latitudes in the nother hemispehere A)are stronger in summer than winter Features. Quizlet Live. Quizlet Learn. Diagrams. Flashcards. The jet stream is considered the large-scale circulation, while the STEA can be measured by the synoptic-scale filtered daily data.

Both are strongest in the upper troposphere. In terms of the climatological seasonal variation, the jet stream and STEA demonstrate increasing (decreasing) variations in their intensity. SE in Southern Hemisphere) 30˚ → Subtropical high (known as Horse latitudes in NH) 30 to 60 ˚ → Ferrel cell, Westerlies (SW in NH, NW in SH) some years it will be located over eastern Canada Subtropical Jet Stream → located above the subtropical.

Why are isotherms straighter and more stable in the Southern Hemisphere than in the Northern Hemisphere. a seasonal reversal of winds leading to wet & dry seasons. What term is used to describe when a strong subtropical jet stream blows maritime tropical.

This study presents a detailed view of the seasonal variability of upper-level cut-off lows (COLs) in the Southern Hemisphere. The COLs are identified and tracked using data from a year period of the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast reanalysis (ERA-Interim).

The objective identification of the COLs uses a new approach, which is based. The Effect of the Divergent Circulation on Some Aspects of the /79 Southern Hemisphere Monsoon Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Climate. Prevailing planetary-scale winds in the middle and upper troposphere between about 30 and 60 degrees of latitude, blowing, on average from the southwest in the Northern Hemisphere and from the northwest in the Southern Hemisphere out of the poleward flanks of the subtropical.

In the Southern Hemisphere the intensification of the subtropical jet stream may be a factor in the exceptionally heavy rainfall that is observed over southern Brazil, Paraguay, and northern Argentina during El Niño (Berlage, ; Horel et al., ). Jet streams are currents of air high above the Earth.

They move eastward at altitudes of about 8 to 15 kilometers (5 to 9 miles). They form where large temperature differences exist in the atmosphere.

An air current is a flowing movement of air within a larger body of air. Air currents flow in the atmosphere, the layers of air surrounding the Earth. In spite of more zonally distributed SSTs and less topography in the Southern Hemisphere (SH; Fig.

1), the winter storm track there still exhibits marked zonal asymmetry. Figure 2a shows the hPa EKE for synoptic, 2–8-day 1 periods derived from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analysis (ERA) June–July.

For the northern hemisphere the strongest meridional temperature gradient occurs in winter in association with the subtropical jet stream. During the southern hemisphere summer, when the mid-latitude meridional temperature gradient is strongest, storm track activity can be as intense as in the winter, but is located slightly equatorwards of its.

The role of planetary-scale waves in the abrupt seasonal transition of the Northern Hemisphere (NH) general circulation is studied. In reanalysis data, the winter-to-summer transition involves the growth of planetary-scale wave latent heat and momentum transports in the region of monsoons and anticyclones that dominate over the zonal-mean transport beginning in midspring.

Extensive studies of the subtropical jet stream and the atmospheric structure in its vicinity have been made by Krishnamurti () and by Defant and Taba (, a, b), as already mentioned. Especially during the colder season, the subtropical jet stream is a dominating phenomenon in both hemispheres.

above: section through the atmosphere of the Northern Hemisphere. Air rises at the Intertropical Convergence Zone and circulates northwards via the Hadley and Ferrel Cells (sometimes separated by a relatively weak Subtropical jet stream) before meeting cold Polar air at the Polar Front, where the Polar jet stream is located.

Graphic: NOAA. Their close association is observed when a subtropical jet stream is weak, as in the Southern Hemisphere summer or in the North Atlantic.

Along a near-surface baroclinic zone that tends to be anchored around a frontal zone, storm track activity is enhanced within a well-defined polar-front jet with modest core velocity.The seasonal shift that occurs in the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone is greatest: The polar jet stream over North America is: a.

stronger and farther south in winter In the Northern Hemisphere subtropical highs, winds flowing south.• Southern Hemisphere jet stream moves poleward under 26global warming. • Stratospheric cooling intensifies the stratospheric polar vortex and induces a poleward shift of tropospheric jets27, • Midlatitude storm tracks shift poleward under global warming, particularly in the Southern Hemisphere29,